Scholarship on Turner


Works by and about Bishop Henry McNeal Turner (in progress)



Turner Authored Publications:

The Civil and Political Status of the State of Georgia (1870).

A Speech on the Present Duties and Future Destiny of the Negro Race (1872)


Tribute to Hon. Charles Sumner (1875)

The Genius and Theory of Methodist Polity: Or, The Machinery of Methodism. (1885)

Men of Mark: Eminent, Progressive and Rising (1887)

The Barbarous Decision of the United States Supreme Court Declaring the Civil Rights Act Unconstitutional and Disrobing the Colored Race of All Civil Protection. (1893)


African Letters (1891)

Glimpses of Africa by C.S. Smith. Introduction by Turner (1895)


Will it Be Possible for the Negro to Attain, In the Country, Unto the American Type of Civilization? (1902)

History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church in Alabama by W. H. Mixon. Introduction by Turner (1902)


Bio Sketches of Turner

Henry McNeal Turner D D: The Eminent Colored Preacher of the South (1875)


Henry McNeal Turner, by Clarence Bacote (1942)



Lankford, John A. Unfinished Biography of Henry McNeal Turner.  

Ponton, Mungo M. Life and Times of Bishop Henry M. Turner. A. B. Caldwell Pub. Co. Atlanta, Ga. 1917


Edited Collections of Turner Writings:

Cole, Jean Lee, (ed). Freedom's Witness: The Civil War Correspondence of Henry McNeal Turner. West Virginia University Press, 2013

Johnson, Andre E, (ed). The Literary Archive of Henry McNeal Turner. Edwin Mellen Press. Volumes 1-5. (2010, 2012, 2013, 2015, 2016)

Redkey, Edwin. Respect Black: The Writings and Speeches of Henry McNeal Turner. Arno Press (1971)

Book Chapters:

Angell, Stephen Ward. The Controversy Over Women Ministry in the African Methodist Episcopal Church During the 1880's: The Case of Sarah Ann Hughes, in 
This Far By Faith: Readings in African-American Women's Religious Biography. 
By Judith Weisenfeld and Richard Newman, eds. (Rutledge: New York, 1996)

Dittmer, John. "The Education of Henry McNeal Turner." Black Leaders of the Nineteenth Century (1988): 253-72.

Johnson, Andre E. Is the Negro Like Other People: Race, Religion and the Didactic Oratory of Henry McNeal Turner in Converging Identities: Blackness in the Modern African Diaspora, Julius Adekunle (ed). Carolina Academic Press, 2013


Lassiter, Patrice Shelton. Bishop Henry McNeal Turner: Laying the Foundation, in Generations of Black Life in Kennesaw and Marietta, Georgia. Arcadia Publishing, 1999

Redkey, Edwin. "Henry McNeal Turner: Black Chaplain in the Union Army." Black Soldiers in Blue: African American Troops in the Civil War Era (2002): 336-360.

Redkey, Edwin S. "The Flowering of Black Nationalism: Henry McNeal Turner and Marcus Garvey." Key Issues in the Afro-American Experience 2 (1974): 123.


Book Reviews:

Gatewood, Willard B. "Bishop Henry McNeal Turner and African-American Religion in the South" by Stephen Ward Angell (Review) The South Carolina Historical Magazine
Vol. 94, No. 1 (Jan., 1993), pp. 62-64 

Harris, Michael W. "Bishop Henry McNeal Turner and African-American Religion in the South. By Stephen Ward Angell.(Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1992. xii+ 340 pp. $34.95, ISBN 0-87049-734-0.)." The Journal of American History 80.2 (1993): 683-684.

Hill, Theon E. "The Forgotten Prophet: Bishop Henry McNeal Turner and the African American Prophetic Tradition by Andre E. Johnson (review)." Rhetoric & Public Affairs 18.1 (2015): 184-187.

Martin, Sandy D., and Stephen Ward Angell. "Bishop Henry McNeal Turner and African-American Religion in the South." (1993): 209-210.

Patterson, Cynthia L. "Freedom's Witness: The Civil War Correspondence of Henry McNeal Turner ed. by Jean Lee Cole (review)." American Periodicals: A Journal of History & Criticism 24.2 (2014): 209-212.

Tucker, David M. "Stephen Ward Angell. Bishop Henry McNeal Turner and African-American Religion in the South. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press. 1992. Pp. xii, 340. $34.95." The American Historical Review 98.3 (1993): 953-954.

Wolfe, Margaret Ripley. "Bishop Henry McNeal Turner and African-American Religion in the South." The Mississippi Quarterly 47.1 (1993): 186-189.


Journal Articles:

Angell, Stephen W. A Black Minister Befriends the "Unquestioned Father of Civil Rights":   Henry McNeal Turner, Charles Sumner, and the African-American Quest for Freedom. The Georgia Historical Quarterly Vol. 85, No. 1 (SPRING 2001), pp. 27-58

Alexander, Jordan O. (2015) "Trailblazer: The Legacy of Bishop Henry M. Turner During the Civil War, Reconstruction, and Jim Crowism," Bound Away: The Liberty Journal of History: Vol. 1: Iss. 1, Article 5 

Bacote, C A. H. M. TURNER Negro History Bulletin 5.6 (Mar 1, 1942): 129.

Batten, J. Minton. Henry M. Turner, Negro Bishop Extraordinary. Church History. Vol. 7, No. 3 (Sep., 1938), pp. 231-246

Blassingame, John W. Before the Ghetto: The Making of the Black Community in Savannah, Georgia,1865-1880. Journal of Social History, Vol. 6, No. 4. (Summer, 1973), pp. 463-488

Coulter, Merton E. Henry M. Turner: Georgia Negro Preacher-Politician During the Reconstruction Era. The Georgia Historical Quarterly Vol. 48, No. 4 (December, 1964), pp. 

371-410

Cummings, Melbourne S. The Rhetoric of Bishop Henry McNeal Turner. Journal of Black Studies. Vol 12, Issue 4, 1982

Herndon, Jane. Henry McNeal Turner's African Dream: A Re-Evaluation Mississippi Quarterly 22.4 (Fall 1969): 327.

Johnson, Andre E. God is a Negro: The (Rhetorical) Black Theology of Bishop Henry McNeal Turner. Black Theology, Vol. 13 No. 1, April, 2015, 29–40

Leeman, Richard. Speaking as Jeremiah: Henry McNeal Turner's “I Claim the Rights of a Man.” Howard Journal of Communications Volume 17, Issue 3, 2006


Livingston, Samuel. T. Search for Place: W.E.B. Du Bois’ Quest for an African Ideological and Cultural Home, 1900-1907The International Journal of Africana Studies 2007

Masur, Kate. The African American Delegation to Abraham Lincoln: A Reappraisal. Civil War History, Volume 56, Number 2, June 2010, pp. 117-144 

Mixon, Gregory. Henry McNeal Turner Versus the Tuskegee Machine: Black Leadership in the Nineteenth Century. The Journal of Negro History Vol. 79, No. 4 (Autumn, 1994), pp. 363-380

Pinn, Anthony B. "Double Consciousness" in Nineteenth-century Black Nationalism: Reflections on the Teachings of Bishop Henry McNeal Turner." Journal of Religious Thought 52.1 (1995): 15.

Redkey, Edwin. Bishop Turner's African Dream. J Am Hist 1967; 54 (2): 271-290. 


Wycoff, David (1992) Legislation Especially for the Negro? The Black Press Responds to Early Supreme Court Civil Rights Decisions. Yale Journal of Law and Liberation: Vol. 3: Iss. 1, Article 4. (1992) pp.38-75


Academic Presentations:

Chirenje, Mutero J. Bishop Henry McNeal Turner's Countrymen: The Afro American Factor in Southern African Ethiopianism. Second African Diaspora Studies Institute Conference held in Nairobi, Kenya, 24-26 August 1981.

Cummings, Melbourne S. "The Rhetoric of Bishop Henry McNeal Turner, Renowned Speaker and Journalist." (1977).

Johnson, Andre E. Negroes Get Your Guns: The Prophetic Rhetoric of Bishop Henry McNeal Turner. National Council of Black Studies. Atlanta, Georgia. March 19, 2009.  

Johnson, Andre E. The Emigration and Propaganda Campaign of Bishop Henry McNeal Turner. A Paper presented to the National Communication Association, November 15-18, 2007

Dissertations, Thesis, and/or Archives on or about Turner:

Alexander, Jordan. O. Trailblazer: The Legacy of Bishop Henry McNeal Turner During the Civil War, Reconstruction, and Jim Crowism. MA Thesis. Liberty University, 2016. 

Angell, Stephen Warder. Henry McNeal Turner and Black Religion in the South, 1865-1900. Dissertation. Vanderbilt University, 1988

Burgher, Denise and Andre E. Johnson. Bishop Henry McNeal Turner: Visionary, Preacher, Prophet . Colored Conventions Project. 

Christler, Ethel Maude. Participation of Negroes in the Government of Georgia, 1867-1870. MA Thesis. Atlanta University, 1932

Cummings, Melbourne Stenson. The Rhetoric of Bishop Henry McNeal Turner, Leading Advocate in the African Emigration Movement, 1866-1907. Diss. University of California, Los Angeles., 1972.

Foster, Toussaint. The Black Nationalism of Bishop Henry McNeal Turner (1860-1900). 1976.

Holmes, James Arthur. Black Nationalism and Theodicy: A Comparison of the Thought of Henry Highland Garnet, Alexander Crummell, and Henry McNeal Turner. Diss. Boston University, 1997.

Johnson, Andre E. The Prophetic Oratory of Henry McNeal Turner. Diss. University of Memphis, 2008 

Martin, Elbert T. The Life of Henry McNeal Turner, 1834 to 1870. Martin, 1975.

Sanford, Paul Laurence. The Negro in the Political Reconstruction of Georgia, 1866-1872.  (1947). ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library. Paper 2110

Staff, MSRC, "TURNER, Henry McNeal" (2015). Manuscript Division. Paper 197. 

Watkins, Irma. DuBois-Garvey Controversy. MA Thesis, Atlanta University, 1971

Videos, Web Series, etc.:

Pleasant, David. Just Is, Just U.S. and Justice Episode 1: Henry McNeal Turner